From sixth to 18th November, world leaders will collect on the Sharm el-Sheikh Worldwide Conference Centre (SHICC), Egypt, for COP27, the twenty seventh United Nations Local weather Change Convention; to additional proceed the dialog on how the world can maintain the aim of 1.5℃ alive and keep away from the worst results of local weather change.
COP is the decision-making physique accountable for monitoring and reviewing the implementation of the United Nations Framework Conference on Local weather Change, whose goal is to “stabilize greenhouse gasoline concentrations within the ambiance at a stage that might forestall harmful anthropogenic interference with the local weather system.”
Whereas preparations are in high gear for COP27, it’s crucial to evaluate what has occurred in Nigeria since COP26, particularly after the favored dedication of the Nigerian authorities to chop its carbon emission to web zero by 2060.
Whereas talking at COP26 in Glasgow, the UK in November 2021, President Buhari mentioned he didn’t suppose any Nigerian must be satisfied that local weather change is just not about the issue of the long run however about what’s already dealing with the nation.
“Desertification within the north, drought within the centre, air pollution within the coast are sufficient proof for all to see, Nigeria is dedicated to web zero by 2060,” he mentioned.
Since that historic speech, this text critiques the actions which have occurred in Nigeria’s local weather change house in order to know the dialog that Nigeria as a rustic will take to this yr’s COP in Egypt.
1. Nigeria indicators local weather change invoice into regulation
Every week after Mr Buhari’s Glasgow dedication, he signed the Local weather Change invoice into regulation.
In keeping with stories, the Local weather Change Act owes its origin to a invoice sponsored by a member of the Home of Representatives, Sam Onuigbo, and gives for, amongst different issues, the mainstreaming of local weather change actions and the institution of a Nationwide Council on Local weather Change.
The Act additionally paves the way in which for environmental and financial accounting and a push for a web zero emission deadline plan within the nation.
Specialists agreed that the passage of the regulation was a step in the correct path for the nation following the president’s vital declaration on the local weather change convention.
Nigeria’s Minister of State for Atmosphere, Sharon Ikeazor, mentioned the nation has made a powerful assertion to the world by having the regulation.
Chukwumerije Okereke, the director of the Heart of Local weather Change and Improvement, Alex Ekwueme Federal College Nigeria, and head of the Technical Committee that revised the Local weather Change Invoice mentioned in an article revealed shortly after the passage of the regulation that: “The brand new local weather change regulation sends a powerful constructive message to the world that Nigeria understands the enormity and urgency of the local weather change problem and is severe to implement the net-zero carbon pledge made by President Buhari at COP26 in Glasgow.”
Overview of the Local weather Change regulation
In keeping with the local weather change regulation, a Nationwide Council on Local weather Change was to be established and might be headed by the President and embrace related ministers, the Nationwide Safety Adviser, and the governor of the Central Financial institution of Nigeria (CBN). The Act gives for a illustration of civil societies with areas reserved for girls, youth, individuals with disabilities, and the personal sector.
Specialists imagine that with the Council, Nigeria’s atmosphere ministry might be assisted in its aim of setting a nationwide platform for the mobilisation and disbursement of trillions of local weather investments wanted to scale up and speed up the inexperienced transition efforts in Nigeria.
The Nigerian authorities should additionally set up a five-year carbon price range as a part of a Nationwide Local weather Change Motion Plan that the Federal Government Council should approve. That is so as to speed up efforts to realize net-zero greenhouse gasoline (GHG) emission discount between 2050 and 2070.
2. Appointment of pioneer DG of Nigeria’s Local weather Change Council
In July 2022, about eight months after the passage of Nigeria’s Local weather Change Act, President Buhari appointed Salisu Dahiru because the pioneer director-general (DG) and chief govt officer (CEO) of the nationwide council on local weather change.
The appointment is central to Nigeria’s agenda to realize web zero emissions by 2060. It’s anticipated that the brand new DG will drive the implementation of the local weather change regulation and the nationwide local weather change motion plan, together with the event of a carbon market framework and a nationwide adaptation plan.
The aspirations expressed within the nationally decided contributions are anticipated to be mirrored in these implementations by the council
3. Launch of Nigeria’s Power Transition Plan
Whereas making his COP26 dedication, President Buhari made reference to a data-backed doc that knowledgeable the nation’s web zero emissions dedication by 2060.
“Nigeria has developed an in depth vitality transition plan and roadmap based mostly on information and proof, our transition plan additionally highlights the important thing position that gasoline will play in transitioning our financial system throughout sectors and the info and proof present Nigeria can proceed to make use of gasoline till 2040 with out detracting from the objectives of the Paris settlement,” the president mentioned.
In March 2022, Nigeria’s Minister of State for Atmosphere, Sharon Ikeazor, made a public assertion in Nairobi, Kenya that the federal authorities has developed an vitality transition plan as a pathway to attaining web zero by 2060.
The minister made the assertion on the Fifth United Nations Atmosphere Meeting (UNEA5.2) in Nairobi, Kenya with the theme: “Strengthening Actions for Nature to Obtain Sustainable Improvement Targets.”
She reaffirmed Nigeria’s adoption of varied strategic approaches throughout the occasion. These included the creation and implementation of the Nationwide Forest Coverage, which goals to advertise sustainable forest administration practices; nationwide insurance policies on plastic waste administration and stable waste administration, which assist and promote the round financial system; the drought and desertification coverage, which goals to actualize land degradation neutrality and enhance neighborhood resilience; and others.
The vitality transition plan has been absolutely accepted by the federal authorities and an Power Transition Implementation working group (ETWG) chaired by Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, comprising a number of key ministers and supported by an Power Transition Workplace (ETO) has been established.
On Wednesday, twenty fourth August, Nigeria launched the Power Transition Plan (ETP) – a home-grown, data-backed, multipronged technique developed for the achievement of net-zero emissions when it comes to the nation’s vitality consumption.
The Nigeria ETP units out a timeline and framework for the attainment of emissions discount throughout 5 key sectors; Energy, Cooking, Oil and Fuel, Transport, and Trade.
On the launch of the ETP, the top of the Power Transition Implementation working group (ETWG), Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, mentioned the launch of the plan is a vital resolution by the federal government as the issue of vitality poverty is as vital as Nigeria’s local weather ambitions.
“Power use is essential for nearly each conceivable side of improvement. Africa with about 17 per cent of the world’s inhabitants solely generates 4 per cent of the world’s electrical energy,” he mentioned.
The vp mentioned with proof of vitality poverty in Africa, you will need to design options that may deal with the twin crises of vitality poverty and local weather change and ship SDG7 by 2030 and net-zero by 2060 whereas centring on the availability of vitality for improvement, industrialization, and financial development.
“There’s a clear want for African nations to have interaction extra critically and vocally in conversations on our world local weather future. We have to take possession of our transition pathways and design climate-sensitive methods that deal with our development aims,” he mentioned.
With the launch of Nigeria’s ETP Wednesday, numerous motion is required to make sure efficient implementation and with the large sources wanted to realize full implementation, Nigeria must develop efficient fundraising and funding technique if its big local weather ambitions are to be achieved. This must be the core of its agenda because it heads to Egypt in November 2022 for COP27.
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