An worldwide panel of human rights experts on Friday termed on Taiwan to finish the “cruel and degrading” follow of funds punishment.
In its Concluding Observations and Tips report, the 9-member group explained it was “extremely disappointed” at the failure of the government to handle the issue, in spite of persistent calls in Taiwan for the abolition of the loss of life penalty.
The panel, which was commissioned by the authorities, conducted a overview in Taipei from Monday to Friday of the nation’s implementation of two UN human rights-related covenants: the Global Covenant on Civil and Political Legal rights (ICCPR) and the Intercontinental Covenant on Financial, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).
Even though Taiwan has substantially improved its human rights history in excess of the years, some very long-standing challenges, these kinds of as the ongoing use of the demise penalty, continue being inadequately addressed, Austrian human legal rights attorney Manfred Nowak informed a news convention in Taipei.
“Taiwan is already amongst a extremely, incredibly tiny range of nations around the world in the earth that nevertheless retain the death penalty, and the arguments that are time and all over again repeated by the authorities are far from convincing,” claimed Nowak, who was the UN particular rapporteur on torture from 2004 to 2010.
“We are strongly attractive to the Executive Yuan to right away declare a moratorium on executions,” he stated, adding that the “cruel, inhuman and degrading” punishment contravenes content 6 and 7 of the ICCPR.
All demise sentences really should be commuted promptly and the minister of justice ought to no lengthier signal execution orders, he additional.
Taiwan has the potential to develop into the Asian typical-bearer in recognizing and enforcing global human legal rights, but it will under no circumstances achieve that so long as the dying penalty stays an aspect of its felony justice process, he stated.
Cabinet spokesperson Lo Ping-cheng (羅秉成) reported that the govt remained dedicated to step by step abolishing cash punishment, but there is a deficiency of community consensus on the make a difference.
The federal government has taken notice of the strategies designed by the global human rights gurus and would convene to discuss the feasibility of declaring a moratorium on executions, Lo stated.
Taiwan most not too long ago executed a prisoner in 2020.
The 38 people today now sentenced to demise have brought the concern to the Constitutional Courtroom, and have gained a legally guaranteed keep of execution, he claimed.
The panel’s report also highlighted the absence of legislation to suppress torture and discrimination in Taiwan.
“The facts provided by the government plainly shows that there are a lot of allegations of torture in opposition to law enforcement officers in Taiwan,” the report reported, adding that individuals situations only led to disciplinary action as a substitute of legal prosecution.
The nation has but to make incorporate torture — the criminal offense of inflicting critical mental or physical discomfort or suffering on a powerless person for a distinct purpose as described in worldwide legislation — into its Felony Code, Nowak explained.
Taiwan really should undertake a “comprehensive anti-discrimination law that addresses the various varieties of discrimination,” which could be used to the public and personal sectors, he included.
Human rights groups in Taiwan echoed the panel’s call.
At a news conference exterior the Ministry of Justice building in Taipei, Huang Yi-bee (黃怡碧), who is main executive of Covenants Enjoy — which was formed by a coalition of non-governmental companies perseverance to introduce a comprehensive anti-discrimination regulation — said that the authorities commissioned academics to exploration the situation, but has not responded to regional groups’ requests for consultations.
While not a UN member, Taiwan ratified the ICCPR and ICESCR as a matter of domestic regulation in 2009.
Since 2013, the govt has invited human legal rights gurus to Taiwan every single four many years to critique the country’s implementation of the covenants and interact with authorities officials and associates of non-governmental corporations right before issuing their observations and suggestions.
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