ANALYSIS: 4,000 escaped prisoners at giant after Nigeria’s jailbreaks

Although jailbreaks are usually not new in Nigeria, they’ve worsened beneath President Muhammadu Buhari. Since he assumed workplace in 2015, jailbreaks have been recorded in 11 completely different states of the nation and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja on account of poor security measures comparable to a scarcity of armed personnel and weapons required to protect the amenities.

Other than these, poor administration of inmates and the excessive variety of these awaiting trial additionally contribute to overcrowding in Nigeria’s correctional centres, making them susceptible to assaults and likewise placing the nation’s prison justice system on trial.

In accordance with information by the Nationwide Bureau of Statistics (NBS), at the least 65 correctional amenities are overcrowded in south-west Nigeria.

This, in line with the info, is similar scenario within the South-east and South-south areas. Whereas amenities within the Northern areas are usually not as crowded, at the least two inmates are staying within the house supposed for one individual.

Some legal professionals and rights activists advised PREMIUM TIMES that Nigeria’s unproductive judicial system contributes to the congestion. “Some circumstances aren’t meant to be filed on the Justice of the Peace court docket as a result of they lack jurisdiction to listen to some issues,” Rasaq Alao, a Lagos-based lawyer, stated. “Whereas ready for the recommendation of the Division of Public Prosecution (DPP), suspects are remanded for months or years pending the time they (their circumstances) will likely be transferred to the excessive court docket by the police for the suspect’s bail.”

Though Inside Minister Rauf Aregbesola had on a number of events requested state governments to work with the federal authorities on the way to finish the menace, efforts to lawfully decongest prisons haven’t yielded constructive outcomes. Illegal decongestion of correctional amenities, by means of jailbreaks, has develop into the norm with over 4,000 escapees nonetheless in hiding.

ANALYSIS: 4,000 escaped prisoners at giant after Nigeria’s jailbreaks
Kuje Correctional facility attacked by Boko Haram affiliate, ISWAP

Never-ending jailbreaks

PREMIUM TIMES reported that 13 inmates escaped throughout a jailbreak on the Koton/Karfe Correctional Centre in Kogi State after they introduced down a bit of the jail on 29 July 2016. Of all of the individuals who escaped, just one individual was reportedly rearrested.

Weeks after that incident, one other jailbreak occurred in Nsukka Correctional Centre in Enugu State. Within the 9 August 2016 incident, no fewer than 15 inmates fled their cells. Safety operatives solely introduced the rearrest of two thereafter.

In one other incident on 27 December 2017, 36 inmates escaped from Ikot Ekpene Correctional Facility in Akwa Ibom State, after they wrested an axe from a kitchen staffer and used it in preventing jail officers. Whereas seven of the inmates had been rearrested by safety operatives, 4 others died when attempting to flee.

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Equally, the Medium Safety Correctional Facility in Tunga, Minna, Niger State, was attacked by armed individuals on 3 June 2018, resulting in the escape of over 200 inmates. Solely 28 prisoners had been recaptured by safety operatives.

At the peak of the #EndSARS protest on 19 October 2020, hoodlums launched coordinated assaults on the Benin and Oko prisons in Edo State. They freed 1,993 inmates from each prisons within the course of. One of many prisoners who escaped went to his village to kill a witness who testified towards him in court docket. Solely 207 of the escaped prisoners had been rearrested.

One other assault was launched on the  Nationwide Correctional Service Facility in Okitipupa, Ondo State, on 22 October 2020, after armed individuals pulled down the partitions of the power and set 58 prisoners free. Whereas efforts had been ongoing to account for the ruins in Ondo, armed individuals tried to interrupt into the Ikoyi Correctional Centre in Lagos on the identical day.  They had been nonetheless repelled by a mixed workforce of correctional officers and the army.

Photos of some of the 68 terrorists who escaped from Kuje Prison
Photographs of a few of the 68 terrorists who escaped from Kuje Jail

Extra worrisome circumstances

On 5 April 2021, Owerri Custodial Centre in Imo State was attacked with explosives and dynamites, and 1,884 inmates had been let out. The operation reportedly lasted for 2 hours. In accordance with the jail authorities, 600 inmates both returned or had been rearrested after the assault.

In one other incident, 240 inmates had been launched and two jail officers killed when assailants attacked the Medium Safety Custodial Centre in Kabba, Kogi State, on 12 September 2021. Safety businesses later stated they rearrested 114 of the escaped prisoners.

Gunmen additionally attacked the Abologo Custodial Centre in Oyo State, on 22 October 2021, liberating 837 prisoners within the course of. As in earlier circumstances, not everybody who escaped was recaptured as safety officers solely rearrested 252 prisoners.

Though  4 inmates escaped from the Medium Safety Custodial Centre, Jos, Plateau State, in July 2021, the power suffered one other assault on 28 November 2021, when gunmen launched an assault that led to the discharge of 262 inmates. A complete of 10 inmates and one safety official had been killed through the assault.

“The duty drive is predicted to set in movement deliberate methods to make sure that each fleeing inmate is arrested and their collaborators too are prosecuted,” Mr Aregbesola stated then, assuring Nigerians that every one who ran away will likely be recaptured. That by no means occurred.

READ ALSO: Jailbreak: Nigerian govt releases images of needed inmates


Arguably, the worst assault on a Nigerian jail was launched a number of months afterward considered one of Nigeria’s ‘most safe’ prisons. The assault on the Kuje Correctional Centre in Abuja on 5 July led to the escape of greater than 600 inmates.

Defence Minister Bashir Magashi would later announce that all of the 64 members of the Boko Haram terrorists within the jail fled the power.

“I feel there are about 64 Boko Haram (members) in jail, they’ve all escaped,” he advised the press.

Lack of intelligence?

In a bid to make sure nationwide safety and enough profiling of jail inmates, the Nigerian authorities final November claimed that it had captured the biometric information of all inmates in Nigerian correctional centres. It stated the measure would assist in rearresting any who might escape.

In the meantime, as of the time of submitting this report, all that has adopted the Kuje jailbreak is a blame recreation. President Buhari blamed the intelligence gathering system for the safety loophole throughout a go to to the power.

“I’m disillusioned with the intelligence system. How can terrorists organise, have weapons, assault a safety set up and get away with it? I’m anticipating a complete report on this surprising incident,” the Nigerian chief stated.

Senate President Ahmad Lawan stated he was shocked there have been no Closed-Circuit Tv (CCTV) gadgets on the Kuje jail.

“How on earth does a centre of this magnitude within the FCT not have any CCTV? It means we are able to say that every one different medium safety custodial centres throughout the nation would not have CCTV,” Mr Lawan stated.

On his half, Minister Aregbesola stated: “we’ve got sufficient males to guard this facility however sadly they couldn’t maintain their place successfully for defence and that was the explanation for the breach.”

A busted fence during the jailbreak at Oko Prison, Benin
A busted fence through the jailbreak at Oko Jail, Benin

4,369 inmates escaped

A PREMIUM TIMES evaluation of the jailbreaks exhibits that out of a complete variety of 4,369 inmates who escaped from varied prisons between 2020 and December 2021, solely 984 had been recaptured. This suggests {that a} complete of three,385 prisoners are nonetheless at giant.

Additionally, a report just lately revealed by the Punch newspapers said that 546 of the Kuje inmates who escaped had been nonetheless at giant.

Abubakar Umar, the spokesperson of the correctional service, didn’t reply to enquiries in regards to the precise variety of these which have been recaptured and efforts in place to rearrest these nonetheless at giant.

Najim Isaac, a safety professional, expressed disappointment within the failure of safety operatives to recapture inmates that escaped from prisons.

“Regardless of saying they’ve executed biometric capturing of all inmates, the vast majority of those that escaped are nonetheless on the run. We have now authorities who discuss greater than they act and this reminds us why it’s so straightforward for Mr A to be sentenced with out even being to jail.

“The truth that many inmates are nonetheless at giant means all safety sectors are complicit within the poor safety administration of the custodial centres. The federal authorities should additionally as a matter of reality be certain that the management of the correctional service take part within the safety conferences as a result of they know the prisoners greater than different safety personnel. It is usually unhappy that we lack primary trendy safety apparatuses comparable to closed circuit televisions that might seize what’s going on outdoors. All of those, I imagine are making rearrest of those that escaped tough.”

Including to this, Chinedu Okoli, a criminologist, stated “adopting the fireplace brigade strategy received’t assist. We shouldn’t be utilizing analogue strategy in a digital age the place criminals are specialised in varied methods of making certain they aren’t caught.”

He stated the failure of the authorities to recapture 1000’s of escaped inmates means the society is stuffed with criminals who might perpetuate extra atrocities.

Talking on the best way ahead, Mr Okoli suggested that Nigeria ought to associate with the Worldwide Felony Police Organisation (INTERPOL) to trace escaped prisoners utilizing trendy strategies.


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